Orthopedic surgeons most commonly perform arthroplasty surgery. However, many general surgeons are also trained in performing this type of surgery. You should ask your doctor who will be performing your surgery and if they have experience with the specific procedure, you will be undergoing.
The surgical team will also include an anesthesiologist, arthroplasty surgeon, nurses, and other hospital staff.
The Procedure of Arthroplasty Surgery
Before surgery begins, you will be given anesthesia to block the pain from your surgery. The type of anesthesia used can vary from patient to patient depending on their medical condition or preferring a particular drug not available at the time of surgery.
Once you are asleep, your surgeon will make an incision to access the damaged joint. Once inside the body cavity, they remove any diseased tissue and realign bone fragments by cutting them into more appropriate shapes with a chisel or saw. The articular surface is then smoothed out using special tools that grind away excess cartilage until a smooth surface is created. The joint will then be reassembled.
Finally, the incision is stitched closed, and a sterile bandage will be placed over it to prevent infection while you recover from surgery. Your hospital stay can vary depending on your condition but generally lasts no longer than two days after the procedure has been completed.
Who Should Consider Arthroplasty Surgery?
Arthroplasty surgery is not a cure-all and should only be considered if other treatments, such as medication or physical therapy, have failed to improve the patient’s condition. Additionally, patients must be in good overall health and have realistic expectations for surgery results.
The Procedure May Not Be Appropriate for Everyone
There are some cases where the surgical procedure may not be appropriate. For example, if there is significant damage to the surrounding ligaments and muscles, or if the patient is obese, arthroplasty surgery may not be a good option. In these cases, other treatments such as joint replacement with an artificial implant or less invasive procedures such as arthroscopy may be more appropriate.
How to Prepare for Arthroplasty Surgery
Once you and your doctor have decided that arthroplasty surgery is the best treatment option, there are a few things you can do to prepare for surgery. First, make sure all of your questions are answered and understand the procedure. If you have a spouse, family member, or friend that is also prepared for your surgery and recovery period, then try to find some time alone with your doctor so they can answer any questions only you may have.
If there are specific instructions about diet while recovering from arthroplasty surgery, follow them carefully. You should also begin a physical therapy program before surgery to help improve your overall health and reduce the risk of complications.
What to Expect After Arthroplasty Surgery
Once you have completed arthroplasty surgery, it is essential to follow the doctor’s instructions carefully. You will most likely be on crutches for a few weeks after surgery and should not put any weight on the affected leg until your doctor allows it.
Arthroplasty surgery is a standard procedure among patients with chronic joint problems. It can effectively reduce pain and restore function when other treatments have failed, but it may not be appropriate for everyone or every condition.