Medicine is the field of health and healing. It includes nurses, doctors, and various specialists. It covers diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, medical research, and many other aspects of health.
Medicine aims to promote and maintain health and wellbeing.
Conventional modern medicine is sometimes called allopathic medicine. It involves the use of drugs or surgery, often supported by counseling and lifestyle measures.
Alternative and complementary types of medicine include acupuncture, homeopathy, herbal medicine, art therapy, traditional Chinese medicine, and many more.
Modern medicine has many fields and aspects. Here are some of them.
A clinician is a health worker who works directly with patients in a hospital or other healthcare setting. Nurses, doctors, psychotherapists, and other specialists are all clinicians.
Not all medical specialists are clinicians. Researchers and laboratory workers are not clinicians because they do not work with patients.
The physician assesses the individual, with the
[ den-tist ]
/ ˈdɛn tɪst /
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Origin of dentist
Words nearby dentist
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020
Example sentences from the Web for dentist
British Dictionary definitions for dentist
a person qualified to practise dentistry
Word Origin for dentist
C18: from French dentiste, from dent tooth
Collins English Dictionary – Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
“Formerly, when religion was strong and science weak, men mistook magic for medicine; now, when science is strong and religion weak, men mistake medicine for magic” [Thomas Szasz The Second Skin]
Branches of medicine aetiology or etiology, anaesthetics, anaplasty, anatomy, andrology, angiology, audiology, aviation medicine, bacteriology, balneology, bioastronautics, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, dental hygiene or oral hygiene, dental surgery, dentistry, dermatology, diagnostics, eccrinology, electrophysiology, electrotherapeutics, embryology, encephalography, endocrinology, endodontics, epidemiology, exodontics, forensic or legal medicine, gastroenterology, genitourinary medicine, geratology, geriatrics, gerontology, gynaecology or (U.S.) gynecology, haematology or (U.S.) hematology, hydrotherapeutics, immunochemistry, immunology, industrial medicine, internal medicine, laryngology, materia medica, midwifery, morbid anatomy, myology, neonatology, nephrology, neuroanatomy, neuroendocrinology, neurology, neuropathology, neurophysiology, neuropsychiatry, neurosurgery, nosology, nostology, nuclear medicine, nutrition, obstetrics, odontology, oncology, ophthalmology, optometry, orthodontics or orthodontia, orthopaedics or (U.S.) orthopedics, orthoptics, orthotics, osteology, osteoplasty, otolaryngology, otology, paediatrics or (U.S.) pediatrics, pathology, periodontics, pharyngology, physical medicine, physiotherapy or (U.S.)
Hospital, an institution that is built, staffed, and equipped for the diagnosis of disease; for the treatment, both medical and surgical, of the sick and the injured; and for their housing during this process. The modern hospital also often serves as a centre for investigation and for teaching.
To better serve the wide-ranging needs of the community, the modern hospital has often developed outpatient facilities, as well as emergency, psychiatric, and rehabilitation services. In addition, “bedless hospitals” provide strictly ambulatory (outpatient) care and day surgery. Patients arrive at the facility for short appointments. They may also stay for treatment in surgical or medical units for part of a day or for a full day, after which they are discharged for follow-up by a primary care health provider.
Hospitals have long existed in most countries. Developing countries, which contain